They’ve done this by taking advantage of a traditional and sustainable form of farming known as shifting cultivation. Shifting cultivation has been practiced in Europe until the middle of the 20th century, and the method is still prevailing in many tropical countries worldwide. In most cases, it is practiced in areas with Humid Low-Latitude. … However, it is also a grossly misunderstood practice. B) low temperatures and low rainfall. After that the farmers move to the new plots. A diversity of shifting cultivation systems is practiced in . The very low occurrence of shifting cultivation within a majority of cells, particularly in the Americas, points towards shifting cultivation being either a form of cultivation practiced in landscapes where only a minor share of the land is used for agriculture (e.g. Shifting cultivation was one of the very first forms of agriculture practiced by humans and its survival into the modern world suggests that it is a flexible and highly adaptive means of production. Under Shifting cultivation, a piece of land is used for quite some years until the fertility is dropped. In case you are in regions that receive low rains, then it might be difficult to practice this type of farming. However, over the last 60 years, some Adis have adopted relatively modern practices of settled cultivation. 15% of the population in the Asia-Pacific region is considered “forest-dependent,” and many of these are shifting cultivators. C) low temperatures and abundant rainfall. Shifting cultivation or swidden, also known as Jhum, is an age-old method of agriculture practised by the Adis. 8 Shifting Shifting cultivation is a method of agriculture where an area of land is cleared off its vegetation and cultivated for a period of time and then abandoned for its fertility to be naturally restored. Shifting cultivation is not practiced in every climatic condition around the world. It is practiced by . On the basis of archaeological evidences and radio-carbon dating, the origin of shifting cultivation could be traced back to about 8000 BC in the Neolithic period which witnessed the remarkable and revolutionary change in man’s mode of production of food as from hunter and gatherer he became food producer. What is shifting cultivation? Modern agricultural practices first involve slashing and burning hundreds of acres of rainforest. Origin of Shifting Cultivation: Shifting cultivation is the method of primitive cultivation that is the primary method for the cultivation and this process is originated from the Neolithic period that in the years between 13,000 to 3,000 B.C. situations in Africa, Central and South America, Southeast . Such areas have high temperatures and experience high rainfalls annually. Important to note is that this method is very different from crop rotation. The history of shifting cultivation is as old as the history of agricul­ture itself. GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. 23) Shifting cultivation is primarily practiced in climate region A, which is characterized by A) high temperatures and abundant rainfall. different historical, environmental and socio-economic . D) high temperatures and moderate rainfall. “ forest-dependent, ” and many of these are shifting cultivators used for some... 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